UAV. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

 

An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), commonly known as a drone and referred to as a Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard. 

 

Aerial surveillance of large areas is made possible with low cost UAV systems. Surveillance applications include livestock monitoring, wildfire mapping, pipeline security, home security, road patrol, and anti-piracy. The trend for the use of UAV technology in commercial aerial surveillance is expanding rapidly with increased development of automated object detection approaches.

 

UAVs typically six functional categories :

 

  • Target and decoy – providing ground and aerial gunnery a target that simulates an enemy aircraft

  • Reconnaissance – providing battlefield intelligence

  • Combat – providing attack capability for high-risk missions 

  • Logistics – UAVs specifically designed for cargo and logistics operation

  • Research and development – used to further develop UAV technologies to be integrated into field deployed UAV aircraft

  • Civil and Commercial UAVs – UAVs specifically designed for civil and commercial applications.

UAVs Platform

 

Designed as a high performance unmanned aircraft, Penguin B is capable of up to 26.5 hour endurance with the 4 kg payload. With a small footprint of 3.3 meter wingspan, Penguin B can handle up to 11.5 kg of combined fuel and payload weight. Modular composite structure, fast assembly, large access hatches, removable payload bay, are the key features of the Penguin B innovative design. 

Available as an airframe ready for the autopilot and payload integration.

 

Sleek and efficient design gives best in class performance. Optimized for endurance, Penguin has enough internal volume to lift 7.5 liters of fuel which will provide 20+ hours endurance with the fuel injected engine. The optimized high lift flap system provides stall speeds of <13 m/s while giving excellent flight handling qualities due to a well designed Vtail geometry.

Ground Control Station

 

Off-the-shelf portable Ground Control Station (GCS) is a flexible and universal solution for controlling unmanned vehicles and payloads. By using a unique,

modular electronics compartment (MEC), application specific hardware can be quickly installed. This flexibility allows the GCS to be configured to control unmanned aircraft vehicles (UAV), ground robots, bomb disposal robots, remotely operated vehicles (ROV) and other robotic devices. The GCS can also be configured to control and monitor measurement and sensing equipment.

 

Based on Panasonic’s field proven CF-31 Toughbook, the GCS has additional 17’’ sunlight readable touch screen display, advanced power distribution system with hot-swappable dual batteries and status monitoring features. The GCS is housed in a military grade rugged lightweight case which makes it ideal for use in harsh environments.

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Portable Digital Data Link System

 

An antenna with a parabolic reflector design is an ideal choice for the ground station antenna, since its gain varies in a way that exactly offsets the propagation loss variation, allowing the link margin to be constant with frequency.

 

The Portable Digital Data Link system (PDDL) is a complete solution for digital communication between the ground control station and the unmanned aircraft vehicle. The system consists of a Ground Data Terminal (GDT) and Aircraft Data Terminal (ADT). The PDDL has up to 12 Mbps link rate, serial communication port and Ethernet port. The GDT has fully automatic heading and level calibration.